By Paul F State
A short historical past of France bargains a huge review of the country's historical past, from the prehistoric Neanderthals to the current kingdom on the center of the eu Union, whereas additionally exploring the country's geography, tradition, and society. Loaded with black-and-white pictures, maps, and informative sidebars, this new source paints a close photo for readers drawn to this eu nation. assurance contains: -Migration and eventual defeat of the Gauls via the Romans lower than Julius Caesar -Wave of invasions of Germanic tribes from imperative and jap Europe -Christianity and the dominion of the Franks -Joan of Arc and the making of the monarchy -The French Revolution -Republican rule -Food and model -Two international wars and the interwar years -Regeneration and transformation -Contemporary tradition and rest -Issues of cultural assimilation and multiculturalism within the twenty first century.
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Extra resources for A Brief History of France
Humans shared the land with animals, some of which they hunted—mammoth, reindeer, bison, and horse—and some of which hunted them—saber-toothed tigers, lions, and hyenas. The Upper Paleolithic can be traced through a succession of archaeological periods, proceeding from the Aurignacian culture (ca. 40,000 So-called unicorn, from the Large Hall in the caves at Lascaux (Bildarchiv Preussischer Kulturbesitz/Art Resource, NY) 4 Beginnings to the Land of the Gauls LASCAUX O n September 12, 1940, four teenage boys discovered a series of caves near the village of Montignac in the Dordogne Department.
Tools and weapons featured sharper points, and crude pottery began to be made. , began to retreat—except in alluvial valleys and fertile basins—in southeastern France in the wake of the progressive spread of a Mediterranean climate. It was here that evidence of primitive farming first appeared. , various grasses as well as legumes, such as lentils and peas, began to be gathered. , by goats and sheep. Sheepherding arrived in southern France, having spread there from the Middle East, and so, too, the earliest efforts at soil cultivation came from western Asia, where new techniques for producing food had been devised three or four thousand years before.
Such service constituted the central focus of Celtic society. Across the landscape, warfare was endemic. Groups of warriors, brandishing often finely decorated shields and weapons, would face off, raising a mighty din of war cries and sounding their famous trumpets before joining battle. Tribes fought tribes, ready to make and break alliances 12 Beginnings to the Land of the Gauls to suit the needs of individual chiefs. The lack of political organization made it easier for a power of sufficient strength to impose its will.
A Brief History of France by Paul F State