By Ehud Ben Zvi
Famous historical-critical pupil Ehud Ben Zvi analyzes each verse of the booklet of Zephaniah, reconstructing the historic context of its composition, deciding upon its authorship, and contemplating how its unique viewers may have interpreted its message.
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Additional resources for A historical-critical study of the book of Zephaniah
Hos X,5. Zeph 1,4, Brem. , de Gaza derel. futura. 4, Lips. , de animal, quor. T. Cap ΠΙ Zephaniae versio et nova ejusd. versum 18 expon, ratio, Gorlic 1811. One may add that in 1818 DA. Coelnn published his study on the entire Book of Zephaniah (Spicilegium Observationum Exegetico-Criticarum ad Zephaniah Vaticinio [Vratislaviae: Barthii Academics, 1818]). 37 38 39 See the index of biblical references in the modem Old Testament theologies written by Eichrodt, Köhler, Zimmerli, Westennann, etc. J.
Finally, Smith and Lacheman wrote a comparative and linguistical analysis of the book. They found many expressions pointing to an exilic or post-exilic date. If the book was always a unit, as Smith and Lacheman think, then it is obvious that it cannot antedate the latest of its elements. Thus, the Book of Zephaniah should be considered post-exilic. Smith and 80 81 82 83 84 G. A. Smith copes with this difficulty by separating Zephaniah from the reformers. According to him, Zephaniah had no interest in the reform.
The meaning given to the message of the prophet would be dependent on the response to this question. The last question concerns the social location of the prophet It seems quite obvious that no one can write a biography of Zephaniah. But D. L. 86 If this is the case then the Book of Zephaniah would be a document for the understanding of the priestly theology of the late monarchic period. From this perspective, the message of Zephaniah would have had a somewhat different sound. The present survey of the modern history of research has shown the main historical-critical questions that have been asked and the main answers that have been proposed to them.
A historical-critical study of the book of Zephaniah by Ehud Ben Zvi