A History of Engineering in Classical and Medieval Times - download pdf or read online

By Donald R. Hill

ISBN-10: 131776157X

ISBN-13: 9781317761570

During this accomplished historical past, Donald Hill opens a window on medieval and classical engineering. The e-book specializes in on Greece, Rome and medieval Western Europe, but additionally comprises fascinating details on center jap technology.

Documenting over 1800 years, Donald Hill illustrates how classical and medieval engineers designed early irrigation structures, dams, bridges, clocks and the way they harnessed the facility of either water and wind. operating mostly with out a quantified, medical foundation for his or her designs, those early engineers studied the houses of fabrics and how within which fluids and solids behaved in convinced stipulations. They then utilized this data to successfully clear up difficulties. This interesting examine files over 1800 years of early engineering.

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Extra resources for A History of Engineering in Classical and Medieval Times

Sample text

The latter has the same effect upon the traveller as the ruins of Palmyra; both come into view quite suddenly, splendid ruins now surrounded by wastelands. Thomas Glick, in one of his penetrating studies of Muslim influences on Spanish agriculture and society, has summarised the diffusion of irrigation techniques as follows:7 1. the locus of invention is the ancient Near East, particularly Persia; then 2. a stage of limited diffusion through the Mediterranean in classical times, most typically under the Roman aegis; next, 54 3.

These three brothers were prominent engineers and scientists, and their work shows a masterly use of 39 differential pressures, but they make very little mention of the processes of construction, although the devices ‘as built’ are described clearly enough. 5 million years and the stone tools in their last phase of development, the Neolithic, include most of the main types in use today. The advent of iron, however, was a very significant step in the history of tools, particularly with the discovery of hardening by carburisation and heat treatment, which led to superior edge tools of great toughness.

Even for Islam the study of irrigation has been patchy, and has tended to concentrate upon Egypt, Iraq and the Iberian peninsula. One reason for our lack of information about Hellenistic and Sasānid times is the scarcity of documentation, although for the former the existence of thousands of papyri recording matters of taxation and land usage has materially increased our knowledge. It does seem that Egypt under the Ptolemies witnessed a marked increase in agricultural activity and an improvement in techniques.

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A History of Engineering in Classical and Medieval Times by Donald R. Hill

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