By Angelo Basile, Alfredo Cassano, Navin K Rastogi
Membrane fabrics permit for the selective separation of gasoline and vapour and for ion delivery. fabrics examine and improvement keeps to force advancements within the layout, manufacture and integration of membrane applied sciences as severe parts in either sustainable strength and fresh purposes. Membrane utilisation bargains strategy simplification and intensification in undefined, supplying reasonably cheap, and effective and trustworthy operation, and contributing in the direction of emissions mark downs and effort safety. complex membrane technology and know-how for sustainable power and environmental purposes provides a complete overview of membrane utilisation and integration inside strength and environmental industries.
Part one introduces the subject of membrane technological know-how and engineering, from the basics of membrane tactics and separation to membrane characterization and monetary research. half specializes in membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) seize in coal and gasoline energy vegetation, together with pre- and post-combustion and oxygen delivery applied sciences. half 3 reports membranes for the petrochemical undefined, with chapters protecting hydrocarbon gasoline, average gasoline and synthesis gasoline processing, in addition to complex biofuels creation. half 4 covers membranes for replacement power functions and effort garage, corresponding to membrane know-how for redox and lithium batteries, gasoline cells and hydrogen construction. ultimately, half 5 discusses membranes utilisation in business and environmental purposes, together with microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and ahead osmosis, in addition to water, wastewater and nuclear strength applications.
With its distinctive editors and crew of professional participants, complex membrane technology and expertise for sustainable strength and environmental functions is a necessary reference for membrane and fabrics engineers and brands, in addition to researchers and lecturers attracted to this field.
- Presents a entire assessment of membrane technological know-how and know-how, targeting advancements and functions in sustainable strength and clean-industry
- Discusses the basics of membrane procedures and separation and membrane characterization and financial analysis
- Addresses the most important problems with membrane utilisation in coal and gasoline energy crops and the petrochemical undefined, using membranes for substitute power functions and membrane utilisation in business and environmental applications
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Additional resources for Advances in membrane technologies for water treatment : materials, processes and applications
For example, Nesic et al. (2012) tested the adsorption capability of chitosan/MMT (Closite Naþ) with Bezactiv Orange V-3RBO (BO) solution. The effect of different amounts of MMT on the adsorption of BO was evaluated under different pHs and temperatures. It was revealed that chitosan in combination with clays produced a reliable adsorbent. The main advantage of these membranes compared with similar systems is that these membranes possessed signiﬁcantly higher adsorption capacity at low acidic conditions (pH above 6).
2012). 5 Flux of polyaniline (PA) and PA-SiO2 membranes versus ﬁltration time. Reprinted from Jin, Shi, et al. (2012), with permission from Elsevier. , 2010), although a few studies have investigated the incorporation of ZrO2 into the membrane matrix. Bottino, Capannelli, and Comite (2002) prepared ZrO2ePVDF membranes using the phase inversion method. Membrane performance depended on the PVDF solvent (NMP or TEP) or ZrO2 concentration. Other work conducted by Zheng, Zou, Nadeeshani Nanayakkara, Matsuura, and Paul Chen (2011) found that the addition of zirconia nanoparticles in PVDF membrane increased the hydrophilicity and surface porosity of the membrane and resulted in an increment of ﬂux in the composite membrane.
125 wt% increased the relative ﬂux of nanocomposite membranes, but at higher concentrations no further increment was observed. Furthermore, the addition of ZnO nanoparticles considerably improved the fouling resistance of composite membranes during ﬁltration of solutions containing humic acid. This was attributed to the reduction of adsorption of organic pollutants within the membrane structure as a result of increments of membrane hydrophilicity after the addition of ZnO nanoparticles. Shen et al.
Advances in membrane technologies for water treatment : materials, processes and applications by Angelo Basile, Alfredo Cassano, Navin K Rastogi