By E. J. Holmyard
Alchemy is assumed to have originated over 2000 years in the past in Hellenic Egypt, the results of 3 converging streams: Greek philosophy, Egyptian expertise and the mysticism of heart jap religions. Its heyday was once from approximately 800 A.D. to the center of the 17th century, and its practitioners ranged from kings, popes, and emperors to minor clergy, parish clerks, smiths, dyers, and tinkers. Even such finished males as Roger Bacon, Thomas Aquinas, Sir Thomas Browne and Isaac Newton got interested in alchemical matters.
In its look for the "Philosopher's Stone" that may transmute base metals into silver and gold, alchemy took on many philosophical, non secular and mystical overtones. those and plenty of different features of alchemy are explored with huge, immense perception and erudition during this vintage paintings. E. J. Holmyard, a famous pupil within the box, starts off with the alchemists of old Greece and China and is going directly to speak about alchemical equipment, Islamic and early Western alchemy; symptoms, symbols, and mystery phrases; Paracelsus; English, Scottish and French alchemists; Helvetius, expense, and Semler, and lots more and plenty more.
Ranging over millennia of alchemical heritage, Mr. Holmyard exhibits how, like astrology and witchcraft, alchemy was once a vital part of the pre-scientific ethical order, arousing the cupidity of princes, the blind worry of mobs and the highbrow interest of discovered males. finally, even though, with the appearance and ascension of the clinical technique, the hopes and ideas of the alchemists pale to the prestige of "pseudo-science." That transformation, in addition to alchemy's indisputable function as a precursor of recent chemistry, are brilliantly illuminated during this e-book. scholars of alchemy, chemistry, the heritage of technology, and the occult, plus someone drawn to the foundation and evolution of 1 of mankind's such a lot enduring and influential myths, should want to have a replica of this masterly learn.
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Additional info for Alchemy (Dover Books on Engineering)
33 The style of the arcade and window, and also the blank window or double arch, with two smaller arches within the clerestory wall, claims especial attention, as well as the ribbed roof rising above the Norman triforium. We now come to the Early English work of the Lady Chapel, the east end of which is especially noticeable, with its bold angular buttresses rising from immense bases. The numerous and large base mouldings running round the wall of this building, its tall lancet-shaped windows, arcades, and ovolar and lozenge-shaped panels, are so many interesting peculiarities of design.
No doubt much damage had been done in the cathedral during the Reformation, but despite the protests of an antiquarian captain, one Silas Taylor, far greater mischief was perpetrated in this military loot. , and rich ornaments stolen. Some while after the Restoration, an appeal was made by the cathedral clergy to the nobility, baronets, knights, esquires, and gentry of the county for help towards restoring the cathedral, though it is not known with what welcome the appeal was received. Towards the beginning of the eighteenth century much harm was done to the cathedral by the zeal of Bishop Bisse, one of those irritating people who mean well but act abominably.
77 was then removed, and the change effected was most striking. It was evident that long before the introduction of the Grecian screen in 1717, the original arrangement had been disturbed by the insertion of a Perpendicular window, to support which the low circular arch in the centre had been constructed; on either side of this window were now to be seen the mouldings and featherings of the original early decorated lights, on a level with the lateral clerestory range; below these the Norman arcade, based upon a string course of nebule ornaments.
Alchemy (Dover Books on Engineering) by E. J. Holmyard