By John Sorenson
Apes—to examine them is to determine a replicate of ourselves. Our shut genetic relations fascinate and unnerve us with their comparable habit and social character. the following, John Sorenson delves into our conflicted dating to the good apes, which regularly unearths as a lot approximately us as people because it does in regards to the apes themselves. From bonobos and chimpanzees to gibbons, gorillas, and orangutans, Ape examines the various methods those awesome animals usually function types for people. Anthropologists use their habit to aid clarify our primary human nature; scientists make the most of them as topics in biomedical study; and behavioral researchers scan with methods apes emulate us. Sorenson explores the demanding situations to the advanced department among apes and ourselves, describing language experiments, efforts to cross-foster apes by way of elevating them as human young children, and the moral demanding situations posed through the nice Ape undertaking. in addition, Ape investigates representations of apes in pop culture, fairly motion pictures and advertisements within which apes are frequently portrayed as human caricatures, monsters, and clowns.Containing approximately 100 illustrations of apes in nature and tradition, Ape will attract readers attracted to animal-human relationships and a person curious to grasp extra approximately our closest animal cousins, a lot of whom teeter on the point of extinction.
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Additional info for Ape (Reaktion Books - Animal)
A committed Lutheran, Linnaeus sought to explain the creations of a supernatural being but his scientiﬁc observations unsettled him because he found no sharp division between humans and the natural world. His placement of humans in the zoological order of Primates threatened the idea that they were specially created in the image of a god. Many were outraged, despite the fact that Linnaeus emphasized his belief that an invisible soul distinguished humans. 22 ‘External appearance of the Orang outan’, from Tyson’s Orangoutang, sive Homo Sylvestris; or, The Anatomy of a Pygmie Compared with that of a Monkey, an Ape, and a Man (1699).
New images of competition and struggle developed within the context of industrial growth, emergence of new classes and imperialism. Ideas about ‘monstrous races’ and ‘wild men’ had circulated since antiquity, often associated with unrestrained sexuality. As Europeans encountered other societies, other primates and fossils of extinct animals including hominids, these images simmered in an intoxicating brew now spiced with ideas about evolution and distinct human ‘races’. Connections between Africans and apes were particularly strong in the English imagination.
The tale goes back to Greek writers such as Pliny, Avianus and Solinus, who suggest negative consequences of excessive affection (smothering a favourite infant by hugging it too tightly while a neglected twin survives). Isidore of Seville condensed the story and many medieval bestiaries incorporated it. 17 The twelfth-century Aberdeen Bestiary provides a standard account of medieval ideas about apes: Apes are called simie in Latin because the similarity between their mentality and that of humans is felt to be great.
Ape (Reaktion Books - Animal) by John Sorenson