By Eugene R. Weiner
Execs and scholars who come from disciplines except chemistry want a concise, but trustworthy consultant that explains key strategies in environmental chemistry, from the elemental technological know-how to the required calculations for using them. up to date and reorganized, purposes of Environmental Aquatic Chemistry: a pragmatic advisor, moment variation offers the basic historical past for realizing and fixing environmental chemistry difficulties that come up most often.
Diverse and self-contained chapters supply a centralized and simply navigable framework for locating valuable info tables which are in most cases scattered through the literature. The publication explains tips to interpret the importance of water caliber facts, together with accelerated tables with water caliber parameters and chemical substances that relate to water caliber. It additionally includes EPA water use classifications and describes therapy tools for commercial, municipal, and agricultural waste discharges.
Worked examples offer step by step information for usually used calculations, drawing on case histories from real-world environmental functions. Chapters additionally supply instruments for calculating quickly estimates of vital amounts and perform difficulties that observe the rules to diverse stipulations. This useful advisor offers an awesome foundation for self-study in addition to brief classes regarding the flow and destiny of contaminants within the surroundings.
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Additional info for Applications of environmental aquatic chemistry: a practical guide
Important properties of pollutants can usually be found in handbooks or chemistry references. However, the important properties of the water and soil in which the pollutant resides are always unique to the particular site and must be measured or estimated anew for every project. 1 IMPORTANT PROPERTIES OF POLLUTANTS The six properties of pollutants listed below are the most important for predicting the environmental behavior of a pollutant. They are usually tabulated in handbooks and other chemistry references, to the extent of current knowledge: .
Under natural conditions, aerobic biotransformation and biodegradation processes are usually very slow, with half-lives of tens to hundreds of years. However, natural and engineered anaerobic biodegradation processes have been identiﬁed that have short enough half-lives to be useful remediation techniques. 4 FUEL HYDROCARBONS Gasoline, diesel fuel, and heating oils are mixtures of hundreds of different organic hydrocarbons. , are removed mainly by sorption, volatilization, and biotransformation.
Chemical change often has the potential to destroy pollutants by converting them into less undesirable substances. ß 2007 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Biological activity, whereby microbes, in their constant search for survival energy, break down many kinds of contaminant molecules and return their atoms to the environmental cycles that circulate carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, phosphorus, and other elements repeatedly through our ecosystems. Biological processes are a special kind of chemical change.
Applications of environmental aquatic chemistry: a practical guide by Eugene R. Weiner