Applications of Genetic Engineering to Crop Improvement by G. R. Smith, W. E. Knight (auth.), Glenn B. Collins, Joseph PDF

By G. R. Smith, W. E. Knight (auth.), Glenn B. Collins, Joseph G. Petolino (eds.)

ISBN-10: 940096207X

ISBN-13: 9789400962071

ISBN-10: 9400962096

ISBN-13: 9789400962095

The contributions of plant genetics to the construction of upper yielding plants of enhanced caliber are good documented. those successes were discovered in the course of the program of plant breeding thoughts to a various array of genetically managed features. Such powerful breeding strategies will remain the first procedure hired for the improvement of recent crop cultivars; in spite of the fact that, new innovations in phone and molecular biology will offer extra methods for genetic amendment. there was enormous hypothesis lately about the power effect of latest innovations in phone and molecular biology on plant development. those genetic engineering strategies should still supply detailed possibilities to change the genetic make-up of plants if utilized to latest breeding techniques. Many questions has to be responded for you to determine particular purposes of those new applied sciences. This look for purposes would require enter from plant scientists engaged on quite a few features of crop development. This quantity is meant to evaluate the interrelationships among traditional plant breeding and genetic engineering.

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Rhizobial strain preference of alfalfa populations selected for characteristics associated with N2 fixation. Crop Sci. 22:55-58. La Rue, T. A. 1978. Selecting and breeding legumes for enhanced nitrogen fixation. Proceedings of a workshop held at the Boyce Thompson Institute at Cornell. Conger, B. , and G. B. Collins. 1981. A discussion on potential in vitro applications for agronomic crops. Environ. and Exp. Bot. 21:407-410. , L. Herrera-Estrella, D. Inze, E. Van Haute, M. Van Montagu, J. Schell, P.

D. A. Lawes, and L. R. Mytton. 1977. symbiotic variability in Vicia faba. 2. Genetic variation in Vicia faba. Euphytica 26:377-383. Smith, G. , W. E. Knight, and H. L. Peterson. 1982. variation among inbred lines of crimson clover for N2 fixation (C 2 H2 ) efficiency. Crop Sci. 22:716-719. , and B. Melton. 1981. Variation among alfalfa cultivars for indices of nitrogen fixation. Crop Sci. 21:8-10. Seetin, M. , and D. K. Barnes. 1977. Variation among alfalfa genotypes for rate of acetylene reduction.

Such nitrogen fixing strains of Rhizopogo were used to establ ish a mycorrhizal association with the roots of Pinus radiata seedl ings, where a nitrogen fixing association apparently developed. In reviewing this work, Gi les and Vasi I (17) claimed that, despite unwarranted criticisms relating to the death of Pinus seedl ings in these experiments, such studies remain the most successful example of transfer of nitrogen fixing abi I ity to species other than legumes. 2. Fusion studies. Somatic hybridlsation has been discussed as an experimental approach in attempting to modify non-leguminous cel Is, and ultimately whole plants, to fix nitrogen.

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Applications of Genetic Engineering to Crop Improvement by G. R. Smith, W. E. Knight (auth.), Glenn B. Collins, Joseph G. Petolino (eds.)

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