Download PDF by Giovanni Sartor, Pompeu Casanovas, Mariangela Biasiotti,: Approaches to Legal Ontologies: Theories, Domains,

By Giovanni Sartor, Pompeu Casanovas, Mariangela Biasiotti, Meritxell Fernández-Barrera

ISBN-10: 9400701195

ISBN-13: 9789400701199

Legal ontologies have proved the most important for representing, processing and retrieving felony details, and should collect an expanding value within the rising framework of the Semantic net. regardless of the numerous examine tasks within the box, a collective mirrored image at the theoretical foundations of criminal ontology engineering was once nonetheless lacking. This publication bridges the distance, by way of exploring present methodologies and theoretical techniques to felony ontologies. It gathers sixteen papers, every one of them featuring concerns and ideas for ontology engineering on the topic of a specific method of, or point of, the legislations: comparative legislations, case-based reasoning, multilingualism, advanced- structures, sociolegal research, criminal conception, social ontology, ontology studying, computational ontology, carrier ontology, cognitive technological know-how, rfile modelling, huge felony databases, medical, linguistic and legal-technology views. The ebook will hence curiosity researchers in criminal informatics, synthetic intelligence and legislations, criminal idea, felony philosophy, felony sociology, comparative legislation, in addition to builders of purposes in line with the clever administration of criminal details, in either e-commerce and e-government (e-administration, e-justice, e-democracy).

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With regard to the concept of “personal data”, for instance the Article 29 Data Protection Working Party provides a 26 pages analysis, where it is discussed how this notion has to be understood, and applied to different cases. , “any information”, “relating to”, “an identified or identifiable”. e. , the context where they are providing the definition of “personal data” for the Data Protection directive). In other contexts—for instance, when the information to be regulated is technological know-how, when it is discussed whether an invention is “relating to” a particular industrial process, when it is required that the origin of a product is “identified or identifiable” for consumer protection—the same terms 20 M.

40 M. Fernández-Barrera and G. > Fig. 5 A Mapping Between Doctrinal Conceptual Structures and Computational Ontologies On the basis of the considerations made in previous sections, some conclusions may be drawn: Firstly, there is a general topological correspondence between doctrinal conceptual structures and computational ontologies. Both are based on a taxonomic or is-a structure with further semantic cross-references that create more complex networks of concepts.

It rather pertains to legal theory, legal doctrine and legal sociology, and such disciplines can use the tools provided by ontological research in order to better specify their proposals and findings. On the other hand work on computational ontology (for purposes such as information retrieval or knowledge representation) should use the inputs provided by legal theory, legal doctrine and legal sociology in order to develop legal conceptual structures appropriate to the purposes the ontologies being developed are meant to serve.

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Approaches to Legal Ontologies: Theories, Domains, Methodologies by Giovanni Sartor, Pompeu Casanovas, Mariangela Biasiotti, Meritxell Fernández-Barrera

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