Download e-book for kindle: Assessment and Decision Making for Sustainable Transport by Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

ISBN-10: 9282113116

ISBN-13: 9789282113110

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Extra info for Assessment and Decision Making for Sustainable Transport

Sample text

Besides these two types of value, there are also non-measurable values such as good health (seen in France as the most important value, greater than all the others), safety, quality of the environment, and the heritage of mankind. Some very good examples of these contradictions between economic and social values were given in a report on improving resource productivity submitted to the Club of Rome in January 199712. One example in the field of transport is that of major road accidents, which not only are a disaster for families and society in general, but also have an economic impact on GDP: “What a windfall for GDP: ambulances, doctors, nurses, breakdown trucks, repairs or new cars, court cases, visits by relatives, sickness benefits, insurance agents, newspaper reports, road cleaning, etc.

Harmonising road safety values at the European level would provide a common approach to this thorny issue. Tariff analysis A direct outcome of cost-benefit analysis, tariff analysis is designed to integrate marginal social costs into the costs of investment, maintenance and operation, in order to ensure the financial viability of a project through user charges (intercity tolls, zoning tolls, kilometric charges). It does pose two major problems, however: • Tariff analysis may discourage investment that goes against the current flow of political aspirations: this is the case in particular for developments resulting from the desire to implement the Kyoto protocol; it is reasoning of this nature which led to the dismantling of the rail network after the second World War.

Within government administrations, at either the central (Ministries) or the territorial (regions, départements, sub-divisions) level, the preferred instrument for setting priorities consists of Directives Nationales d'Orientation (DNO) (National Guideline Directives). The DNO issued by the Ministry of Public Works, Transport and Housing in February 2001 therefore sets out a number of guidelines on policy directions, complete with logbooks and indicators, illustrated by examples or best practices.

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Assessment and Decision Making for Sustainable Transport by Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development

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