By F. Lieutier (auth.), François Lieutier, Keith R. Day, Andrea Battisti, Jean-Claude Grégoire, Hugh F. Evans (eds.)
For the 1st time, a synthesis at the study paintings performed in Europe on all Bark And wooden uninteresting bugs In residing bushes (BAWBILT) is gifted. As ultimate made from a four-year study venture collecting jointly a hundred scientists from 24 nations, the e-book is the fruit of a true collective synthesis within which all eu experts have participated. It stories and reviews on the entire eu literature, whereas contemplating the organic (trees, bugs, linked organisms, and their relationships) and wooded area administration elements. although, even supposing serious about the eu wooded area, it additionally compares the to be had info and interpretations to these pertaining to related species in different continents. It ends with propositions of study priorities for Europe. The booklet is directed to all scientists and scholars considering woodland entomology and ecology, in addition to to woodland managers and all clinical public attracted to woodland biology.
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Extra info for Bark and Wood Boring Insects in Living Trees in Europe, a Synthesis
Consequently, we have analysed the control data using the list of organisms, in the same order of agressivity summarised in Table 3. This is presented as a series off Tables for each of the principal control categories in Appendix 1, namely Quarantine, Silvicultural Management, Chemical Insecticide Application, Trapping Out, Biological Control, Other Control Strategies, Monitoring, Risk Rating and Decision Support Systems. The degree of employment of each strategy varied with the type of pest and, particularly with the damage rating of that pest.
BAWBILT organisms scored either +++ or ++ in the BAWBILT database Species Countries Ips typographus Hylobius abietis Scolytus scolytus; Tomicus piniperda Ips acuminatus; Pityogenes chalcographus; Scolytus multistriatus; Tomicus minor Ips amitinus Hylastes cunicularius; Ips sexdentatus Ips cembrae; Phaenops cyanea; Pityokteines curvidens; Polygraphus poligraphus; Rhyacionia buoliana; Scolytus intricatus Agrilus biguttatus; Cryptorhynchus lapathi; Dendroctonus micans; Hylastes ater; Ips duplicatus; Pissodes castaneus; Pissodes piniphilus; Saperda carcharias; Tetropium gabrieli Cryphalus piceae; Paranthrene tabaniformis; Pityokteines vorontzovi; Saperda populnea; Scolytus laevis; Trypodendron domesticum; Trypodendron lineatum; Zeuzera pyrina Cossus cossus; Leperesinus varius; Pissodes piceae; Pityokteines spinidens; Pityophthorus pityographus; Sesia apiformis; Tetropium castaneum; Urocerus gigas; Xyleborus dispar Agrilus populneus; Aradus cinnamomeus; Gnathotrichus materiarius; Hylesinus crenatus; Hylobius pinastri; Hylurgus ligniperda; Monochamus sartor; Orthotomicus erosus; Phloeotribus scarabaeoides; Phoracantha semipunctata; Pissodes pini; Pityogenes conjunctus; Scolytus ratzeburgi; Scolytus triarmatus; Sirex juvencus; Trypodendron signatum 1 1 1 Belgium France The Lithuania United Estonia Ireland Italy Austria Switzerland Spain Sweden Hungary Poland Czech Slovakia Germany Romania 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 7 8 9 16 21 0 5 10 15 20 25 Number of species cited as +++ Figure 1.
In all these cases, not only climatic conditions and the presence of suitable breeding material can influence the result, but also the presence or absence of SYSTEMATICS OF BARK AND AMBROSIA BEETLES 51 natural enemies. However, natural enemies react only after a time delay to the presence of a new host or prey population, and their influence may be too small or too late. It is also important to note that species, which mate before dispersal, such as the Xyleborini, have a greater chance of establishing new populations, because only the female, and not both sexes, need to be introduced into the new country at the same time.
Bark and Wood Boring Insects in Living Trees in Europe, a Synthesis by F. Lieutier (auth.), François Lieutier, Keith R. Day, Andrea Battisti, Jean-Claude Grégoire, Hugh F. Evans (eds.)