Download e-book for iPad: Barriers to Sustainable Transport: Institutions, Regulation by Piet Rietveld

By Piet Rietveld

ISBN-10: 020300504X

ISBN-13: 9780203005040

ISBN-10: 0415323622

ISBN-13: 9780415323628

The complexity of transportation platforms and their adverse social and environmental effects are at the present time on the centre of awareness. This ebook makes a speciality of the impression of associations and regulatory platforms on shipping platforms and commute behaviour. whereas associations seem to play an immense function within the fiscal good fortune of many nations, this e-book considers the level to which in addition they help sustainable improvement.

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Extra info for Barriers to Sustainable Transport: Institutions, Regulation and Sustainability (Transportdevelopment and Sustainability)

Example text

1343–1372. Biehl, D. ) (1986) The Contribution of Infrastructure to Regional Development. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities. Biehl, D. ) (1991) The role of infrastructure in regional development, in Vickerman, R. ) Infrastructure and Regional Development. London: Pion. Dupuit, J. (1844) De la mesure de l’utilité des travaux publics (On the measurement of the utility of public works). Annales des Ponts et Chaussées, 2nd series, Vol. 8; reprinted in Munby, D.

The distinction between the two is rather blurred with PFI being a specific subset of PPP. Generally, the conclusion from UK experience is that full privatization raises considerable difficulties. 2 Schematic outline of private finance options Type of scheme Example scheme Full private provision Advantages to private sector Disadvantages Advantages to to private sector public sector Disadvantages to public sector Channel Tunnel Full control of project; limited regulation Full risk exposure; possible need to transfer project at end of agreed concession period Residual risk of failure; Lack of control over prices etc unless regulatory structure.

Since users of infrastructure create external costs of congestion and environmental damage, there is a case for raising charges for the use of infrastructure to reflect this use of resources. The revenues from such charges should be regarded as the payment for a resource and not as general tax revenue and hence there is a case for these to be hypothecated to the transport sector, not on a mode-by-mode basis, but treating the transport sector as a whole. 21 The difficulty remains that many of the wider benefits of transport may accrue to individual firms and people, whose potential surplus could be expropriated to pay for the infrastructure, but disentangling private and social benefits is not easy.

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Barriers to Sustainable Transport: Institutions, Regulation and Sustainability (Transportdevelopment and Sustainability) by Piet Rietveld

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