By Jean Lyon
Explores the strategies of monolingual language improvement in pre-school teenagers. Following an summary of kid bilingualism, this ebook seems on the impression of the kid's relatives atmosphere and the standards which expect the language use of the kid.
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Extra resources for Becoming Bilingual: Language Acquisition in a Bilingual Community
There is evidence that babies recognise sound systems neonatally, if not prenatally (Genesee, 1989). However, external presentation is not the same as internal assimilation. A baby can distinguish sound patterns, but infrequent input lacking saliency may not be noticed. Can babies be called bilingual because two languages are spoken in their presence? When, in fact, can children begin to be called bilingual? As soon as they use a word in the second language? When parents think they understand both languages?
They adopt roles and styles of speech appropriate to the circumstances (code-switching) and much comedy is based on the breaking of these unwritten rules. Children learn this language use early. At as young as 24 months old they have been recorded varying the intonation of their voices when talking to a puppet or a doll (Andersen, 1990). Words and speech (or silence and omissions) can be used to achieve a whole variety of ends and to communicate a vast range of messages, frequently apart from their surface meanings (Halliday, 1975).
One of the earliest systematic records comes from Ronjat who described the progress of his son, Louis (Ronjat, 1913). Wanting his child to be bilingual, he sought the advice of Grammont, a linguist, shortly after his son was born, and thereafter decided to adopt a one person-one language approach with him. Ronjat's wife used only her native German and he used French with the boy. His was a large household, with a range of servants and relatives speaking either German or French. The commonly used language alternated at < previous page page_37 next page > < previous page page_38 next page > Page 38 various times in Louis' early life according to the household, but by age 38 months he was able to ask about language as well as use and understand simple French and German (Ronjat, 1913, Section 51:90 onwards).
Becoming Bilingual: Language Acquisition in a Bilingual Community by Jean Lyon