By J. H. C. Williams
Through the center and past due Republican classes (fourth to first centuries BC) the Romans lived in worry and loathing of the Gauls of northern Italy, prompted basically by way of their collective historic reminiscence of the destruction of the town of Rome through Gauls in 387 BC. via analyzing the literary proof in relation to the old, ethnographic, and geographic writings of Greeks and Romans of the interval focussing on invasion and clash, this publication makes an attempt to respond to the questions how and why the Gauls turned the lethal enemy of the Romans. Dr. Williams additionally examines the complicated thought of the Gauls as 'Celts' which has been so influential in ancient and archaeological bills of northern Italy within the past due pre-Roman Iron Age by means of sleek students. The publication concludes that historical literary proof and sleek ethnic presumptions approximately 'Celts' should not a legitimate foundation for reconstructing both the background of the Romans' interplay with the peoples of northern Italy or for analyzing the fabric proof.
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Additional info for Beyond the Rubicon: Romans and Gauls in Republican Italy (Oxford Classical Monographs)
It seems unlikely, then, that he could have written a monumental work about them. 46 D. L. praef. 1, 6. See Momigliano 1975: 59–60; Piggott 1968: 76–90 has a useful discussion of the place of druids in the Greek tradition. 47 Pol. 3. 58. 5–59. 2. The Discovery of Celtic Italy 31 was the reason why earlier accounts were so often replete with myth and exaggeration, a tendency which he claims to have overcome in his own work. Other diﬃculties also hindered the furtherance of geographical inquiry. 48 The Greeks of Spina and Adria may have reacted similarly to requests for information about their hinterland.
Praef. 1, 6. See Momigliano 1975: 59–60; Piggott 1968: 76–90 has a useful discussion of the place of druids in the Greek tradition. 47 Pol. 3. 58. 5–59. 2. The Discovery of Celtic Italy 31 was the reason why earlier accounts were so often replete with myth and exaggeration, a tendency which he claims to have overcome in his own work. Other diﬃculties also hindered the furtherance of geographical inquiry. 48 The Greeks of Spina and Adria may have reacted similarly to requests for information about their hinterland.
The 72 Cf. g. the following examples from the 190s , mostly concerning triumphs over the Gauls of Italy: L. 31. 49. 2–3 (L. Furius Purpurio’s triumph in 200 ), 33. 23. 4–7 (C. Cornelius Cethegus in 197 ), 33. 37. 10–12 (M. Marcellus in 196 ), 34. 46. 2–3 (Cato in 194 , after his Spanish command), 36. 40. 11–13 (P. Scipio Nasica in 191 ). For the Duilius inscription, see ILLRP 319 (= CIL 1. 25). 73 For distances in inscriptions, cf. the triumphal inscription of C. H. 3. 129) as a source for the distance between Aquileia and the River Titius; and the Polla stone which, in triumphal manner, lists the stages on the road between Regium and Capua (ILLRP 454).
Beyond the Rubicon: Romans and Gauls in Republican Italy (Oxford Classical Monographs) by J. H. C. Williams