N.H. Ravindranath's Carbon Inventory Methods: Handbook for Greenhouse Gas PDF

By N.H. Ravindranath

ISBN-10: 1402065469

ISBN-13: 9781402065460

Carbon stock requiring estimation of carbon dioxide emissions and removals in land-use different types for nationwide greenhouse gasoline stock and alterations in shares of carbon in tasks geared toward weather swap mitigation has develop into more and more vital in international efforts to deal with weather swap. therefore, there's a want for a guide that offers directions and strategies required for carbon stock. Carbon stock equipment guide offers distinctive step by step info on sampling techniques, box and laboratory measurements, software of distant sensing and GIS thoughts, modeling, and calculation approaches in addition to assets of information for carbon stock. the original characteristic of this guide is that it presents sensible suggestions on carbon stock tools for 4 varieties of tasks, particularly, 1) improvement, implementation and tracking of carbon mitigation in wooded area, agriculture and grassland sectors, 2) nationwide greenhouse fuel stock in agriculture, wooded area, and different land-use different types, three) woodland, grassland and agroforestry improvement and four) advertisement and neighborhood forestry roundwood construction. Carbon stock equipment instruction manual is a vital resource of connection with universities and learn associations facing weather switch, consultancy and non-governmental corporations keen on constructing and tracking land-based mitigation initiatives, donor firms investment carbon mitigation tasks, nationwide greenhouse fuel stock enterprises, United countries organizations and mechanisms corresponding to fresh improvement Mechanism and international atmosphere Facility, roundwood creation and land reclamation venture builders and bosses, and wooded area departments.

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Extra info for Carbon Inventory Methods: Handbook for Greenhouse Gas Inventory, Carbon Mitigation and Roundwood Production Projects (Advances in Global Change Research) (Advances in Global Change Research)

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4. (i) Avoided deforestation Avoided deforestation is a dominant carbon mitigation opportunity in land-use sectors (IPCC 2007c) and all the five carbon pools are likely to be important, necessitating monitoring of all of them. Further, the selection of carbon pools may be influenced by the following considerations: ● ● Avoided deforestation leading to halting land-use change, from forest land to cropland for example, would impact all the carbon pools in the project area since all the biomass pools may be removed and burnt.

Biomass is defined as the total quantity of live and inert or dead organic matter, above and below the ground, expressed in tonnes of dry matter per unit area, such as a hectare. Soil carbon is carbon held in soil as organic matter, humified material and in stable structures such as charcoal. Biomass is converted to carbon by multiplying it with a carbon fraction of dry matter. 5 (IPCC 2006). 1. In Africa, for example, carbon in living biomass is predominant, accounting for about 60%, followed by soil carbon (approximately 34%), whereas in Europe, soil carbon is the predominant fraction (64%), and living biomass accounts for only 25% of the carbon.

Estimation of changes in stocks of all the carbon pools is expensive – the goal should be to maximize the cost-effectiveness of a carbon inventory, which is to obtain the highest possible accuracy for a given level of resource or human effort; the latter is always a limiting factor. IPCC (2003, 2006) provides an approach called “key category analysis” to select the key pools that are critical for a greenhouse gas inventory (see Chapter 16). The choice of a carbon pool or pools for monitoring or estimation for different land-based programmes and projects depends on the land-use system, goals of the project, activities implemented and the period selected for monitoring.

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Carbon Inventory Methods: Handbook for Greenhouse Gas Inventory, Carbon Mitigation and Roundwood Production Projects (Advances in Global Change Research) (Advances in Global Change Research) by N.H. Ravindranath

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